A company that is pressured by an aggressive bidder or activist investor believes that a status quo agreement is useful in weakening the unsolicited approach. The agreement gives the target entity greater control over the deal process by requiring the bidder or investor to buy or sell the company`s shares or launch proxy contests. In banking, a status quo agreement between a lender and a borrower terminates the contractual repayment plan of a struggling borrower and imposes certain steps that the borrower must take. A status quo agreement is a contract that contains provisions governing how a bidder in a company can buy, sell or vote shares of the target company. A status quo agreement can effectively paralyze or stop the hostile takeover process if the parties are unable to negotiate a friendly agreement. A recent example of two companies that have signed such an agreement is Glencore plc, a Commodities trader based in Switzerland, and Bunge Ltd, an American agricultural commodities trader. In May 2017, Glencore took an informal step to buy Bunge. Shortly thereafter, the parties agreed to a status quo agreement that prevents Glencore from accumulating shares or making a formal offer for Bunge until a later date. In 2019, video game distributor GameStop signed a status quo agreement with a group of investors who wanted changes in corporate governance, believing that the company had intrinsic value when the share price reflected. A status quo agreement is a form of anti-support measure. A status quo agreement between a lender and a borrower may also exist when the lender stops requiring a planned interest or capital payment for a loan to give the borrower time to restructure its debts. During the status quo period, a new agreement is negotiated, which generally changes the original loan repayment plan. This option is used as an alternative to bankruptcy or enforced execution if the borrower cannot repay the loan.
The status quo agreement allows the lender to save some value from the loan. In the event of forced execution, the lender must receive nothing. By working with the borrower, the lender can improve its chances of repaying some of the outstanding debt.